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General Secretary of the Communist Party and President of Vietnam
Nguyễn, but is often simplified to Nguyen in English-language text. In accordance with Vietnamese custom, this person should be referred to by the Trọng.
In this Vietnamese name , the surname is, but is often simplified toin English-language text. In accordance with Vietnamese custom, this person should be referred to by the given name
He was Chairman of the National Assembly from 2006 to 2011, representing Hanoi, was elected General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam at the party’s 11th National Congress in 2011 and re-elected twice at the 12th National Congress in 2016 and the 13th National Congress in 2021.
On October 3, 2018, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam formally nominated Trọng to be the next President of Vietnam to be voted on the next session of the National Assembly where the party holds an overwhelming majority, making him the third person to simultaneously head the party and the state after Ho Chi Minh (in North Vietnam only) and Trường Chinh. On October 23, 2018, he was elected as the 9th President of Vietnam in a meeting of the sixth session of the National Assembly. Trọng stepped down as President in 2021 but remained as General Secretary of the Communist Party.
Early life and career
Nguyễn Phú Trọng was born in Đông Hội Commune, Đông Anh District, Hanoi. His official biography gives his family background only as “average peasant”. He studied philology and earned a Ph.D. in philosophy at Vietnam National University, Hanoi from 1963 to 1968 and received a Ph.D. in Law Degree in University of Ho Chi Minh and also received a Master in Diplomat at Ho Chi Minh University. Trọng officially became a member of the Communist Party of Vietnam in December 1968. He worked for the Tạp chí Cộng Sản (Communist Review), the theoretical and political agency of the Communist Party of Vietnam (formerly the Labor Party) in the periods of 1968–1973, 1976–1981 and 1983–1996. From 1991 to 1996, he served as the editor-in-chief of the Tạp chí Cộng Sản. Trọng went to the Soviet Union in 1981 to study at the Academy of Sciences and received a Candidate of Sciences degree in history in 1983. In 1998, Trọng entered the party section devoted to political work, making him one of the most prominent Vietnamese political theoreticians, heading the party Central Committee’s Theoretical Council in charge of the party’s theoretical work from 2001 to 2006.
Trọng is a Marxist theoretician, and has long railed against some party members’ loss of “Marxist-Leninist virtue”.
Trọng has been member of the party’s Central Committee since January 1994, member of the party’s Political Bureau since December 1997 and deputy to the National Assembly since May 2002. From January 2000 to June 2006, Trọng was secretary of the party’s Executive Committee of Hanoi, the de facto head of the city authority. On June 26, 2006, Trọng was elected as the Chairman of the National Assembly. During this period, he was elected secretary of the party organization in the National Assembly and member of the Council for Defence and Security. On October 23, 2018, Trọng was elected as the 9th President of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam in a seasonal meeting of National Assembly.
Leader of Vietnam
First term as General Secretary
Trọng was elected General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam in 2011. The 5th plenum of the 11th Central Committee decided to take the Central Steering Committee for Anti-Corruption away from the Prime Minister’s control and Trọng was elected its head.
On July 6, 2015, General Secretary Trọng arrived in the United States to begin his United States visit to July 10, 2015. This visit coincided with the milestone of twenty years since the United States and Vietnam normalized diplomatic relations. The talks with President Barack Obama were about human rights, security and defense and the Trans-Pacific Partnership.
Reelection as General Secretary
On January 27, 2016, Trọng was re-elected as General Secretary of the 12th Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam at the first conference of the committee. At 72 years old, he was the 12th Committee’s oldest member. For this term, Trong is ranked number one in the Politburo, marking a return to normality.
Trọng hopes, under a one-party rule, to strengthen Vietnam’s position in the world, turning it into an industrial country rather than a country that produces on primary products. “A country without discipline would be chaotic and unstable […]. [W]e need to balance democracy and law and order”, he said at the close of a meeting to choose the country’s leadership for the next five years. “I very much hope the new faces in the politburo will push with reforms and bring the country forward, but I don’t know whether they can do that”, said Tran Thi Tram. “They will also have to really tackle the corruption problem, otherwise the people would be the ones to suffer most”.
On January 31, 2021, Trong was re-elected as General Secretary for a third five-year term at the 13th National Congress.
On February 1, 2021, Trong attended a press conference. Trong said I am not in great health […] I am old and I want to rest, but the Congress has elected me so I will comply with my duty to serve as a party member..
On October 3, 2018, Trọng was chosen by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam with 100% support to become the party nominee for the position of the President of Vietnam, becoming the official successor of Trần Đại Quang.
Then-U.S. Vice President Joe Biden shakes hands with General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong at a luncheon at the U.S. Department of State in Washington, D.C. on July 7, 2015
Russian president Putin and Trong in Sochi, September 6, 2018
The National Assembly elected Trọng as state president on October 23, 2018 with 99.79% percent of the vote. His swearing-in ceremony took place at the Grand Hall and was broadcast live on the afternoon on state radio and television systems.
The National Assembly on April 2, 2021 voted to relieve Trọng’s presidency with 91,25% of the vote. Trọng remains de facto top leader in the country, serving as the General Secretary of the Communist Party.
Nguyen Phu Trong (2004). Viet Nam on The Path of Renewal. Hanoi: Thế giới Publishers. 351 p.
Nguyen Phu Trong (2015). Renewal in Việt Nam: Theory and Reality. Hanoi: Thế giới Publishers. 397 p.
Nguyen Phu Trong; Tran Dinh Nghiem; Vu Hien (1995). Vietnam from 1986. Hanoi: Thế giới Publishers. 116 p.
This page was last edited on 18 July 2021, at 12:03